The best soils for vines are the typical clays, clayey soils with a higher or lower limestone content, giving rise to the best grapes of the highest quality.
The exceptional characteristics of the region in terms of terroir and indigenous grape varieties have made Bairrada wines absolutely unique in the world. They are wines with a strong personality and unaffected flavour.
The production of wine in Bairrada is documented from at least the Roman period. More specific evidence of this production only arose in high Middle Ages.
The recognition of Bairrada as a wine region began with the production of red wine. However, the white wines have had an important role over the last century, mainly in the production of white sparkling wines in which Bairrada was pioneer in Portugal.
The first production of Sparkling Wines took place in Bairrada 125 years ago at the hands of Eng. Tavares da Silva in what is today the head office of the Bairrada Winegrowing Station. Tavares da Silva "imported" to the Region the principles of the Champagne method (the classic method of bottle-fermentation).
Despite its long history of wine production, Bairrada was only officially recognised as a demarcated wine-growing region in 1979.
Bairrada wines, rich and full of soul, are an excellent portrait of the plentiful land they come from. Among a fascinating variety within a single region, Baga, more than any other grape variety, can create a base for sparkling, rosé and red wines.